Last year was the largest deer hunting season on record in Victoria with Wodonga, Bright and Myrtleford hot spots for hunters.
The Estimates of the 2018 Deer Harvest in Victoria Game Management Authority report found 121,600 deer were killed in the 12 months - an increase from 106,275 in 2017.
There was also the highest number of licensed deer hunters with 39,066 registered.
Each deer hunter was active for an average of 6.7 days in 2018, killing an average of 3.5 deer per year.
The total time spent hunting by all deer hunters was 237,594 days.
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GMA chief executive Graeme Ford said the findings in the report show the growing popularity of deer hunting.
"It is important to collect information about the number of deer harvested by recreational hunters each year," he said.
"Data obtained from this research will help to inform decisions about deer management and the management of public and private land in Victoria."
The most deer hunting occurred in Mansfield, Dargo, Myrtleford, Eildon and Wodonga with the highest number of deer kills in Mansfield, Bright, Omeo, Dargo and Wodonga.
Most of the deer were taken from public land.
The most commonly hunted species was Sambar deer with an estimated total of more than 88,000 - 55 per cent were female.
Researchers surveyed licensed deer hunters about their hunting activity.