Prime Minister Tony Abbott insists he is not bringing knights and dames back in the Australian honours system to lock Australia into the monarchy.
Retiring Governor-General Quentin Bryce has become a dame and her successor Peter Cosgrove will become a knight, after Mr Abbott asked the Queen to restore the system of pre-eminent honours.
The honours category, which was removed in 1986, will recognise extraordinary and pre-eminent Australians for their service to Australia or humanity.
Up to four knights or dames can be appointed each year.
“I believe this is an important grace note in our national life,” Mr Abbott said yesterday.
Mr Abbott, a former director of Australians for a Constitutional Monarchy, defended the decision, saying it would enhance the dignity of the existing system.
Asked whether he was seeking to cement the monarchy into Australian life, Mr Abbott said: “No, I’m not.”
“Everyone knows where I stand on this particular issue,” he said.
“I am a staunch supporter of our existing constitutional arrangements — always have been and, I imagine, always will be.
“But … I think it is entirely appropriate that someone who represents the monarch should be honoured in this way.”
Australian Republican Movement national director David Morris called it a retrograde step.
“This is turning the clock back to a colonial frame of mind that we have outgrown as a nation,” he said.
“Our identity today is Australian, so our national honours should be thoroughly Australian.”
Shadow attorney-general Mark Dreyfus said the move showed the government was rushing back to the 19th century.
“Even the arch-monarchist John Howard didn’t bring back knights and dames,” Mr Dreyfus said.